Jody Williams was born in Vermont, USA. She was involved in her first protest, against the Vietnam War, in 1970. During the 1980s, she worked against United States military involvement in Central America. Williams was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1997 for her work coordinating the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. She helped found, and is the chair of, the Nobel Women's Initiative, which unites women recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize to support grassroots women's organisations in conflict areas.