Esther Duflo was born in Paris, France. She has degrees in history and economics from the École Normale Supérieure, Paris, and a PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). She is a professor in the MIT department of economics, and a co-founder and co-director of the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab, a network of researchers whose mission is to reduce poverty by ensuring that policy is informed by scientific evidence. In 2009, she was awarded a MacArthur Foundation fellowship. Duflo is a co-author of the award-winning Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty.